Home > Bibliography > Books > Panbiogeography


CROIZAT, L. (1958). Panbiogeography. Published by the author, Caracas.

Volume I

  • Introduction, pp. i-xxxi
  • Chapter 1, pp. 1-73: What we need, where do we stand; and the main concepts (chronology, mechanism of form-making, means of dispersal, etc.).
  • Chapter 2, pp. 74-172: The "long end" of distribution, and what it means.
  • Chapter 3, pp. 173-272: The Matthewian and Simpsonian doctrine of (mammalian) dispersal.
  • Chapter 4, pp. 273-363: A consideration of Venezuelan, Colombian, and Ecuadorean dispersal I (i. The Cordillera de la Macarena. A study in comprehensiveness 275; ii. The New World and the dispersal of Pipits (Aves; Anthus) 309; iii. Why Barbets (Capitonidae) are not the Sierra de Santa Marta 329; iv. On "Magdalenian" dispersal 348).
  • Chapter 5, pp. 365-486: A consideration of Venezuelan, Colombian, and Ecuadorean dispersal II (i. A study in the nature of disconnection 365; ii. "Modern" dispersal and an ancient geosyncline 390; iii. Colinus in Colombia, and notes in general on New World's dispersal 398; iv. Distribution by the Nevado del Cocuy (Boyacá, in Colombia) 463).
  • Chapter 6, pp. 487-601: A consideration of Venezuelan, Colombia, and Ecuadorean dispersal III (i. Venezuelan endemism and Venezuelan distribution in general 487; ii. Parrots in and around the Northern Andes and Peru 558; iii. The dispersal of Mabuya and Matthew's Law 585).
  • Chapter 7, pp. 602-745: Dispersal in and around the West Indies (i. Ameiva and Cnemidophorus all over the islands and the main 635; ii. Crotalus and the Caribbeans 644; iii. Fernando de Noronha to Revilla Gigedo and Nova Scotia 653; Onycophora and their distribution 658; v. From Fernando de Noronha westward once again 664; vi. The dispersal of Iguana 694; vii. An analysis of constrasts; Dendroica petechia and Coereba flaveola 696; viii. Mammalian dispersal in the Antilles 709; ix. Antilles-Galapagos-New Zealand either way 720; x. The eel and its "problem" 735).
  • Chapter 8, pp. 746-859: Dispersal in and around Galapagos (i. Crowding in Western Colombia 801; ii. From Malpelo to San Félix, San Ambrosio, and Galapagos again 805; iii. Caribbean-Pacific interplays 809; iv. "Genus" Eribates and genus Nesotriccus 816; v. Cuckoos on and around Galapagos 819; vi. Gekkos as master-biogeographers; Phyllodactyus on Galapagos 823; vii. Why no woodpeckers (Picidae) are in Galapagos? 827; viii. The sea-crabs of Galapagos 841; ix. Galapagos and its very own "Darwin's Finches", with notes on Hawaii, generally 843). Addendum I, pp. 859-861: [Turrill's opinion of Galapagos "phytogeography".] General Addenda, pp. 862-941: 862 [Notes on the Egido-Estanquez sector of Mérida, Venezuela]; 863 [Notes on the descent of Andes nevados during the Pleistocene] 864 [Notes on the ecology and biogeography of the cavernicolous fauna of the Savona district of Northwestern Italy]; 868 [Notes on the botanical family Dioncophyllaceae and its allies]; 873 [Notes on Shinisaurus]; 873 [Notes on the Tupaioidea]; 874 [Notes on Simpson's "Tempo and Mode in Evolution"]; 876 [Notes on South American centers of mammalian life]; 877 [Notes on Lasser's "ecology" of Venezuela]; 885 [Notes on Mayr's "zoogeography" of the Amazon Basin]; 890 [Notes on Homo, and the butterflies Zygaenidae]; 905 [Notes on the dispersal by the Venezuelan Islands]; 906 [Notes on crayfish (Crustacea Decapoda Macrura) dispersal]; 915 [Notes on the "stratospheric conveyance of seeds", and the orchids of the East African Islands in particular]; 924 [Notes on the dispersal of the fern Doryopteris in the New World]; 936 [Comparative notes on the floras of Cocos Island and the Galapagos Archipelago]; 939 [Notes on Commerson as a biogeographer].
  • Bibliography, pp. 942-961.
  • Indices, pp. 963-1018.

A) Volume IIA

  • Chapter IX, pp. 1-84: Africa and its main biogeographic connections (i. Testudo in general, and in the East African Islands especially 63; ii. The Madagascar "rats" 69; iii. On certain aspects of Francolinus dispersal 74).
  • Addendum I, pp. 85-90: [On the close relationships of sylviid birds between Tropical Africa and Tropical America "across the Atlantic"].
  • Addendum II, pp. 91-96: [On the flora of Southern South Africa and its connections].
  • Addendum III, pp. 97-181: The "Tanganyka Problem" of the conchologist, and where this "Problem" leads with fishes, jellyfishes, shrimps, cotton (Gossypium), maize (Zea), cockroaches, rats, pigs and butterflies, etc.
  • Chapter X, pp. 183-326: The prime movers of Eurasian biogeography. I. (i. Central Asia in dispersal; An introduction to the subject 202; ii. Which way to the Altai Center? 220; iii. The ancient Asia coigns in dispersal 228; iv. Pre-glacial and post-glacial distribution 232; v. The Motacilla flavissima/lutea/taivana conundrum 265; vi. A biogeographic picnic; Tanganyka to Senegambia, Scnadinavia, Japan, the Phillipines and Eastern Lesser Sunda, Alaska, Florida, Panama, Chile, Southern Argentina 261; vii. The tree-frog (Hyla) mystery 288; viii. On what takes place among the Tarbagatai, Nilghiris and Mount Kinabalu 302; ix. How old are "sibling" species? 315.
  • Chapter XI, pp. 327-451: The prime movers of Eurasian biogeography. II. (i. The sibling swallows, Hirundo daurica and H. striolata 327; ii. On "Palaeartic" Larks (Alauda) 331; iii. Eumeces' two massings 335; iv. Odds and ends between the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea I. 338; v. Odds and ends between the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea II. 382; vi. All within the triangle; Madagascar - Moluccas - Hokkaido 398; vii. On some peculiarities of Japanese dispersal 411; viii. Back to Europe and its dispersal 435).
  • Chapter XII, pp. 452-637: Dispersal in Malaysia and Australasia. I. (i. Bearings from snake-life 470; ii. "Broad" Malaysian and Australasian dispersal 484; iii. The "Two Trerons" conundrum 512; iv. A tale of Ceyx, or "good species" hybridizing 50% over 523; v. The biogeography of insignificant geography 530; vi. The mammals and Wallace's Line 554; vii. The Pisonia grandis "mystery" 593; viii. Closing on New Guinea 597; ix. On to New Guinea out of the Ceram - Banda - Arafura seas 616).
  • Chapter XIII, pp. 638-771: Dispersal in Malaysia and Australasia. II. (i. Notes on New Guinea "panbiogeography" 638; ii. Disconnections in New Guinea 681; iii. On "Nongeographic Speciation" in general, and in New Guinea in particular 691; iv. Slicing up the Western Pacific 721; v. Biogeography on the quick; Hystrix vs. Drimys 729; vi. The run of Lalage 743; vii. The run of Phalanger and Monotremata 756).

B) Volume IIB

  • Chapter XIV, pp. 772-985: Dispersal in Central to Eastern Polynesia (i. From Flores to Tahiti in general 775; ii. The biogeography of Central and Eastern Polynesia in particular 828).
  • Chapter XV, pp. 986-1020e: The Conclusions.
  • Chapter XVI, pp. 1021-1083: An Epilogue: On "Lamarckism", "Darwinism", "Neo-Darwinism", dicenda atque tacenda.
  • Addendum [to Chapter XVI], pp. 1084-1161b: On Physical Anthropology, that is, Blood-Types vs. Calipers.
  • General Addenda, pp. 1162-1640: 1162 [Notes on dispersal in the Sudan]; 1169 [Notes on living and fossil dispersal in and around Madagascar with remarks on Hippopotamus]; 1177 [Notes on Wegener's Theory]; 1178 [Notes on the nexus between biogeography and classification]; 1180 [Notes on genetic powers]; 1183 [Notes on plant-phylogeny, and dispersal]; 1184 [Notes on the contrasting American dispersal of Osteoglossid fishes]; [Notes on the dispersal of Eurylaimid birds]; 1194 [Notes on the dispersal centering between Tenasserim and the Greater Sunda]; 1194 [Notes on Wallacea and "zoogeographic waves"]; 1195 [Notes on "alpine" plant-life mostly in Malaysia, and observations on means of dispersal vs. means of survival]; 1290 [Notes on "insular" dispersal]; 1211 [Two notes on New Guinea dispersal in general]; 1213 [Notes on the dispersal and form-making of the vegetation of mountains in general and the Andes in particular]; 1224 [Notes on "convergence", "resemblance", etc.]; 1227 [Notes on the dispersal of certain Columbid birds in Malaysia and Australasia]; 1247 [Notes on the dispersal of the parrots Aprosmictus and Alisterus]; 1249 [Notes on dispersal in and around the Moluccas]; 1258 [Notes on the interplay of biogeography and ecology]; 1259 [Notes on the dispersal of certain Anatidae and "vicariism"]; 1264 [Notes on a presumed new euphorbiaceous genus "Croizatia", and certain ancient "tracks" of Venezuela]; 1268 [Notes on Homo's "ascent"]; 1307 [Notes on Homo in Siberia and, generally, Asia and both sides of the Pacific]; 1380 [Notes on the dispersal of the lamellibranch genus Acila living and fossil, and on biostratigraphy]; 1387 [Notes on the dispersal and form-making of the Nepenthaceae]; 1409 [Notes on the dispersal of the saxifragaceous genus Chryosplenium and on dispersal in the north generally]; 1567 [Notes on Rivet's book Les Origines de l'Homme Américain. 1957, and on certain aspects of the tenets of Theilhard de Chardin and Lack]; 1609 [Notes on the dispersal of the mammalian faunas of South America]; 1609 [Notes on the dispersal of Jurassic marine shells]; 1611 [Notes on the geology of oil (petroleum) and its nexus with dispersal]; 1613 [Notes on Darlington's book Zoogeography The Geographical Distribution of Animals. 1957]; 1627 [Notes on Good's book Features of Evolution in the Flowering Plants. 1956]; 1630 [Notes on Andrewartha & Birch's book The Distribution and Abundance of Animals. 1954]; 1634 [Notes on Montadon's book La Civilisation Ainou et les Cultures Arctiques. 1937]; 1638 [Notes on Clark's book L'Europe Préhistorique Les Fondements de son Economie. 1955 (French version)].
  • Bibliography, pp. 1641-1655.
  • Indices, pp. 1656-1731.
Download Vol. I

Download Vol. IIa

Download Vol. IIb